Mysql cheatsheet

– mysql cheat sheet

Selecting a database:

  mysql> USE database;

Listing databases:

  mysql> SHOW DATABASES;

Listing tables in a db:

  mysql> SHOW TABLES;

Describing the format of a table:

  mysql> DESCRIBE table;

Creating a database:

  mysql> CREATE DATABASE db_name;

Creating a table:

  mysql> CREATE TABLE table_name (field1_name TYPE(SIZE), field2_name TYPE(SIZE));
  Ex: mysql> CREATE TABLE pet (name VARCHAR(20), sex CHAR(1), birth DATE);

Load tab-delimited data into a table:

  mysql> LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE "infile.txt" INTO TABLE table_name;

(Use \n for NULL)

Inserting one row at a time:

  mysql> INSERT INTO table_name VALUES ('MyName', 'MyOwner', '2002-08-31');

(Use NULL for NULL)

Retrieving information (general):

  mysql> SELECT from_columns FROM table WHERE conditions;
  All values: SELECT * FROM table;
  Some values: SELECT * FROM table WHERE rec_name = "value";
  Multiple critera: SELECT * FROM TABLE WHERE rec1 = "value1" AND rec2 = "value2";

Reloading a new data set into existing table:

  mysql> SET AUTOCOMMIT=1; # used for quick recreation of table
  mysql> DELETE FROM pet;
  mysql> LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE "infile.txt" INTO TABLE table;

Fixing all records with a certain value:

  mysql> UPDATE table SET column_name = "new_value" WHERE record_name = "value";

Selecting specific columns:

  mysql> SELECT column_name FROM table;

Retrieving unique output records:

  mysql> SELECT DISTINCT column_name FROM table;

Sorting:

  mysql> SELECT col1, col2 FROM table ORDER BY col2;
  Backwards: SELECT col1, col2 FROM table ORDER BY col2 DESC;

Date calculations:

  mysql> SELECT CURRENT_DATE, (YEAR(CURRENT_DATE)-YEAR(date_col)) AS time_diff [FROM table];
  MONTH(some_date) extracts the month value and DAYOFMONTH() extracts day.

Pattern Matching:

  mysql> SELECT * FROM table WHERE rec LIKE "blah%";

(% is wildcard – arbitrary # of chars)
Find 5-char values: SELECT * FROM table WHERE rec like “_____”;
(_ is any single character)

Extended Regular Expression Matching:

  mysql> SELECT * FROM table WHERE rec RLIKE "^b$";

(. for char, […] for char class, * for 0 or more instances
^ for beginning, {n} for repeat n times, and $ for end)
(RLIKE or REGEXP)
To force case-sensitivity, use “REGEXP BINARY”

Counting Rows:

  mysql> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM table;

Grouping with Counting:

  mysql> SELECT owner, COUNT(*) FROM table GROUP BY owner;

(GROUP BY groups together all records for each ‘owner’)

Selecting from multiple tables:

(Example)

  mysql> SELECT pet.name, comment FROM pet, event WHERE pet.name = event.name;

(You can join a table to itself to compare by using ‘AS’)

Currently selected database:

  mysql> SELECT DATABASE();

Maximum value:

  mysql> SELECT MAX(col_name) AS label FROM table;

Auto-incrementing rows:

  mysql> CREATE TABLE table (number INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, name CHAR(10) NOT NULL);
  mysql> INSERT INTO table (name) VALUES ("tom"),("dick"),("harry");

Adding a column to an already-created table:

  mysql> ALTER TABLE tbl ADD COLUMN [column_create syntax] AFTER col_name;

Removing a column:

  mysql> ALTER TABLE tbl DROP COLUMN col;

(Full ALTER TABLE syntax available at mysql.com.)

Batch mode (feeding in a script):

  # mysql -u user -p <>

(Use -t for nice table layout and -vvv for command echoing.)
Alternatively: mysql> source batch_file;

Backing up a database with mysqldump:

  # mysqldump --opt -u username -p database > database_backup.sql

(Use ‘mysqldump –opt –all-databases > all_backup.sql’ to backup everything.)
(More info at MySQL’s docs.)



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